The media loves a new phrase & EPO was on everyone's lips in 2001, but what on earth is it & what does it do?
EPO can increase the number of red cells in the bloodstream, thus increasing the amount of oxygen in body tissues. Contrary to some information it IS produced naturally in the kidneys in low oxygen conditions.
Artificial EPO was originally developed for medical use such as with people suffering from HIV, but soon it's benefits to endurance athletes were noticed. Until recently it was very difficult to detect, but before the Olympic games in Sydney, two tests were independently developed in France & Australia. One requires a urine sample, the other needs blood from the athlete. Both these methods are used in tandem by the authorities.
EPO use, unlike steroids & HGH does not produce any lasting changes in physique or increases in physical strength.
Case Studies: Olga Yegerova